Married or planning to get married pretty soon, you should get your marriage registered. Marriage registration is very important nowadays, as marriage will be considered legal only after registration. Although it is not mandatory in most of the countries, it is compulsory to get marriage registration in India.
Marriage is considered a sacred bond between two people. After the solemnisation of marriage, the parties should get the marriage registration certificate to make the marriage valid in India. Getting married is easy & registering it is even easier.
Two main laws which deal with marriage registration in India are-
Under the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955, when the husband and wife both are Hindu, Buddhists, Jain or Sikh or converted to, then they have to get the registration done under this Act.
Section 8 talks about the registration of marriage. Registration facilitates the person to have proof of their marriage. The State government makes the rules for registration of marriage.
The Special Marriage Act, 1954 is applicable when either of the party or both are not Hindu, Buddhists, Jain or Sikhs.
Registration of marriage is done under section 15 of the Act. The marriages which are recorded by the marriage officers are periodically transmitted to the Registrar General of Birth, Death and Marriages.
The marriage certificate will act as proof of marriage in various government offices like the passport office, bank, insurance offices etc.
Every marriage solemnised between Indian citizens or where at least one person is Indian citizen shall be compulsorily be registered with the Registrar of Marriage. It is the duty of the parties to register their marriage.
For registering process, the parties have to approach the Sub-Divisional Magistrate under whose jurisdiction the marriage took place or where they are residing after marriage.
Following is the process to register the marriage-
• Firstly, one has to fill the online marriage registration form by providing the required documents.
• Secondly, an appointment at the marriage registrar office is made.
• Once the appointment is fixed, the parties have to visit the office with the witnesses.
• Lastly, after all the verification, you will get the Marriage Registration Certificate.
In 2006, the Supreme Court in Seema vs. Ashwani Kumar & Ors. Held that the marriage registration is compulsory. It said the marriage of all persons who are the citizens of India belonging to various religions should be compulsorily be registered. Furthermore, in 2014, registration of marriage has been made compulsory under the Hindu Marriage Act and Special Marriage Act.
Marriage registration is an essential aspect of the modern world. This will protect the right of women in India. With most of the women being illiterate, compulsory registration would curb the cases of fraud and ensure the protection of women rights. It would ensure that all the conditions of a valid marriage are fulfilled. Without this, women rights will be severely be affected.
Weddings are a big affair in India. But apart from the wedding, marriage registration holds great importance in today's world. This process helps to get legal recognition of the relationship. It also provides security to both the husband and wife if things don't go as planned. Like in case of divorce, the legally registered marriage will make the divorce proceeding go smoothly. And, when either of the spouses dies, if the marriage is registered, it makes the life of the surviving spouse simpler, for example, in claiming life insurance etc.
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